- published: 31 Mar 2012
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A concept is an abstraction or generalization from experience or the result of a transformation of existing ideas. The concept is instantiated (reified) by all of its actual or potential instances, whether these are things in the real world or other ideas. Concepts are treated in many if not most disciplines both explicitly, such as in psychology, philosophy, etc., and implicitly, such as in mathematics, physics, etc. In informal use the word concept often just means any idea, but formally it involves the abstraction component.
In metaphysics, and especially ontology, a concept is a fundamental category of existence. In contemporary philosophy, there are at least three prevailing ways to understand what a concept is:
In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm (^{i}/ˈælɡərɪðəm/ AL-gə-ri-dhəm) is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed. Algorithms exist that perform calculation, data processing, and automated reasoning.
The words 'algorithm' and 'algorism' come from the name al-Khwārizmī. Al-Khwārizmī (Persian: خوارزمي, c. 780-850) was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and scholar.
An algorithm is an effective method that can be expressed within a finite amount of space and time and in a well-defined formal language for calculating a function. Starting from an initial state and initial input (perhaps empty), the instructions describe a computation that, when executed, proceeds through a finite number of well-defined successive states, eventually producing "output" and terminating at a final ending state. The transition from one state to the next is not necessarily deterministic; some algorithms, known as randomized algorithms, incorporate random input.
In computer science, a data structure is a particular way of organizing data in a computer so that it can be used efficiently. Data structures can implement one or more particular abstract data types (ADT), which are the means of specifying the contract of operations and their complexity. In comparison, a data structure is a concrete implementation of the contract provided by an ADT.
Different kinds of data structures are suited to different kinds of applications, and some are highly specialized to specific tasks. For example, relational databases most commonly use B-tree indexes for data retrieval, while compiler implementations usually use hash tables to look up identifiers.
Data structures provide a means to manage large amounts of data efficiently for uses such as large databases and internet indexing services. Usually, efficient data structures are key to designing efficient algorithms. Some formal design methods and programming languages emphasize data structures, rather than algorithms, as the key organizing factor in software design. Storing and retrieving can be carried out on data stored in both main memory and in secondary memory.
Flow Chart is a long poem by the American writer John Ashbery, published in its own volume in 1991.
Flow Chart is a work of 4,794 lines, divided into six numbered chapters or parts, each of which is further divided into sections or verse-paragraphs, varying in number from seven to 42. The sections vary in length from one or two lines, to seven pages.
Scott Mahler wrote in the Los Angeles Times: "Ashbery's poetry has been called mysterious, original, difficult, dream-like, Romantic, a part of the continuum of American poetry that includes Walt Whitman, Emily Dickinson, Wallace Stevens and Hart Crane. It's also been called elusive, inauthentic, unmusical and overmannered. Flow Chart is easily all of these things... Ashbery has shown us again that he can go more than the distance we expect of great poets, but neither the terrain he covers nor the course he takes is altogether very exciting. Flow Chart is a great accomplishment, but it sometimes reads more like a big effort than a real tour de force."
C (/ˈsiː/, as in the letter c) is a general-purpose, imperative computer programming language, supporting structured programming, lexical variable scope and recursion, while a static type system prevents many unintended operations. By design, C provides constructs that map efficiently to typical machine instructions, and therefore it has found lasting use in applications that had formerly been coded in assembly language, including operating systems, as well as various application software for computers ranging from supercomputers to embedded systems.
C was originally developed by Dennis Ritchie between 1969 and 1973 at AT&T Bell Labs, and used to re-implement the Unix operating system. It has since become one of the most widely used programming languages of all time, with C compilers from various vendors available for the majority of existing computer architectures and operating systems. C has been standardized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) since 1989 (see ANSI C) and subsequently by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
Concepts of Algorithm, Flow Chart & C Programming by Prof. Wongmulin | Dept. of Computer Science Garden City College-Bangalore
This module explains the concept of Algorithm with the help of real life example. It also describes the concept of Generalized algorithm and its advantages. At Cognifront, we are creating revolution in Engineering Education.. Our Software Products are crafted with latest technology. We embarked on this grand vision to help transform technical education all across this beautiful planet. Become a part of it..
Introductory lesson covering prerequisites related to C programming. This video covers concepts of basic computer setup, algorithms and flowcharts. In case you have any feedback or suggestions do email us at hello@superwits.com.
Algorithm using Flowchart and Pseudo code Level 1 Flowchart By: Yusuf Shakeel http://www.dyclassroom.com/flowchart/introduction 0:05 Things we will learn 0:21 Level 0:28 Level 1 Flowchart 0:33 Important terms 0:37 Procedure 0:45 Algorithm 0:54 Flowchart 1:00 Pseudo code 1:08 Answer this simple question 1:14 How will you log into your facebook account 1:30 Next question 1:32 Write an algorithm to log into your facebook account 1:44 Algorithm to log in to facebook account in simple English 2:06 Writing Algorithm 2:14 Flowchart 2:16 There are 6 basic symbols that are commonly used in Flowchart 2:20 Terminal 2:27 Input/Output 2:35 Process 2:42 Decision 2:52 Connector 3:00 Control Flow 3:06 All the 6 symbols 3:13 Flowchart rules 3:25 Flowchart exercise 3:28 Add 10 and 20 4:00 Another exerci...
What is ALGORITHM? What does ALGORITHM mean? ALGORITHM meaning - ALGORITHM definition - ALGORITHM explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed. Algorithms perform calculation, data processing, and/or automated reasoning tasks. The words 'algorithm' and 'algorism' come from the name al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and scholar. An algorithm is an effective method that can be expressed within a finite amount of space and time and in a well-defined formal language for calculating a function. Starting from an initial state and initial input (perhaps empty), th...
Hope it helps:-) sbhoira@gmail.com
Please give it a thumbs up if you liked the video! Thanks Video project for CIS4930 Special Topics and Algorithms. This video covers the basics of understanding the runtime for algorithms. The question I had when learning this was, "Where is the number coming from that is being compared to the 'n'?... Once I figured out that the number was basically a count of the number of times a for loop actually looped, well, life became much easier for me in regards to understanding runtime. I hope this video helps you have a better understanding of the basics of algorithm runtime. Please feel free to leave a comment for any other computer science related concepts for which you would like to see a video.
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/your-brain-can-solve-algorithms-david-j-malan An algorithm is a mathematical method of solving problems both big and small. Though computers run algorithms constantly, humans can also solve problems with algorithms. David J. Malan explains how algorithms can be used in seemingly simple situations and also complex ones. Lesson by David J. Malan, animation by enjoyanimation.
Computer Education for all provides complete lectures series on Data Structure and Applications which covers Introduction to Data Structure and its Types including all Steps involves in Data Structures:- Data Structure and algorithm Linear Data Structures and Non-Linear Data Structure on Stack Data Structure on Arrays Data Structure on Queue Data Structure on Linked List Data Structure on Tree Data Structure on Graphs Abstract Data Types Introduction to Algorithms Classifications of Algorithms Algorithm Analysis Algorithm Growth Function Array Operations Two dimensional Arrays Three Dimensional Arrays Multidimensional arrays Matrix operations Operations on linked lists Applications of linked lists Doubly linked lists Introductions to stacks Operations on stack Array based implementation o...
What is an algorithm? Algorithm http://www.TutorialPort.com Design and Analysis of Algorithms: What is an Algorithm ? In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a step-by-step procedure for calculations. Algorithms are used for calculation, data processing, and automated reasoning. An algorithm is an effective method expressed as a finite list of well-defined instructions for calculating a function.
In this video big-oh, big-omega and theta are discussed
Welcome to part 1 of a new series of videos focused on Evolutionary Computing, and more specifically, Genetic Algorithms. In this tutorial, I introduce the concept of a genetic algorithm, how it can be used to approach "search" problems and how it relates to brute force algorithms. Support this channel on Patreon: https://patreon.com/codingtrain Send me your questions and coding challenges!: https://github.com/CodingTrain/Rainbow-Topics Contact: https://twitter.com/shiffman Links discussed in this video: The Nature of Code: http://natureofcode.com/ BoxCar2D: http://boxcar2d.com/ Source Code for the Video Lessons: https://github.com/CodingTrain/Rainbow-Code p5.js: https://p5js.org/ Processing: https://processing.org For More Genetic Algorithm videos: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?...
In this video Mr. Indra Kishor, Biyani International Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur, explains about the Algorithm and Flowchart. How can we flow chart from algorithm . We all know about the Algorithm is very important for any programmer, without algorithm we can’t create any program. www.gurukpo.com, www.biyanicolleges.org
Peter Shor introduces his eponymous mathematical concept. Visit physicsworld.com for more videos, webinars and podcasts. http://physicsworld.com/cws/channel/multimedia
Algorithm is very simple and easy to write. It is defined as a set of sequential and well defined instruction to solve a program. Every instruction must be exact and every description is step by step. In this movie, we start to analyse the remote controller operation, then writing an algorithm for a program. The details and order of the events of the controller is important to achieve the result-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website, office meeting, sales pitch, nonprofit fundraiser, product launch, video resume, or anything else you could use an animated explainer video. PowT...
Concepts - Algorithm - Pseudocode - Comments - Basic Arithmetic Operations - Type Conversion - Integer Division
Lecture Series on Data Structures and Algorithms by Dr. Naveen Garg, Department of Computer Science & Engineering ,IIT Delhi. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
Question Card 17│ Florida’s Postsecondary Education Readiness Test│ P.E.R.T. │ Apply a standard algorithm to determine percentage . This Deck of Cards: Demonstrates how to apply standard algorithms and concepts, and perform them flexibly, accurately and efficiently in order to determine percentage. Background information about the Florida Postsecondary Education Readiness Test: -Determines placement into the appropriate courses at your college -The test is computer adaptive (meaning that the next question in the test sequence is determined by the correctness of the answer to the preceding question) -You are not permitted to change your answer choice once an answer has been submitted -All PERT assessments are untimed so one has as much time as one needs to complete the assessment, -No...
Enroll to Full Course: https://goo.gl/liK0Oq Networks#4: The video explains the RSA Algorithm (public key encryption) Concept and Example along with the steps to generate the public and private keys. The video also provides a simple example on how to calculate the keys and how to encrypt and decrypt the messages. For more, visit http://www.EngineeringMentor.com. FaceBook: https://www.facebook.com/EngineeringMentor. Twitter: https://www.twitter.com/Engi_Mentor
This video will show execution of heap sort using animation.
More info: http://classroomcaboodle.com/teacher-resource/teaching-multiplication/ The standard multiplication algorithm is the final step in mastering multiplication. Step 1: Multiples and math facts. Step 2: Area model multiplication (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qdYV6i-kXcA). Step 3: Partial product multiplication (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2xmsEtyOB10). Step 4: Standard algorithm as shown by Betsy Weigle of Classroom Caboodle in this video. For information on partial product and standard division, check out this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1EP9DGJhgb8
Concepts of Algorithm, Flow Chart & C Programming
concept of Randomized algorithms
It is important to understand the concept of Algorithm before you start learning the programming. This short video explains the concept of algorithm.
Concepts of Algorithm, Flow Chart & C Programming by Prof. Wongmulin | Dept. of Computer Science Garden City College-Bangalore
This module explains the concept of Algorithm with the help of real life example. It also describes the concept of Generalized algorithm and its advantages. At Cognifront, we are creating revolution in Engineering Education.. Our Software Products are crafted with latest technology. We embarked on this grand vision to help transform technical education all across this beautiful planet. Become a part of it..
Introductory lesson covering prerequisites related to C programming. This video covers concepts of basic computer setup, algorithms and flowcharts. In case you have any feedback or suggestions do email us at hello@superwits.com.
Algorithm using Flowchart and Pseudo code Level 1 Flowchart By: Yusuf Shakeel http://www.dyclassroom.com/flowchart/introduction 0:05 Things we will learn 0:21 Level 0:28 Level 1 Flowchart 0:33 Important terms 0:37 Procedure 0:45 Algorithm 0:54 Flowchart 1:00 Pseudo code 1:08 Answer this simple question 1:14 How will you log into your facebook account 1:30 Next question 1:32 Write an algorithm to log into your facebook account 1:44 Algorithm to log in to facebook account in simple English 2:06 Writing Algorithm 2:14 Flowchart 2:16 There are 6 basic symbols that are commonly used in Flowchart 2:20 Terminal 2:27 Input/Output 2:35 Process 2:42 Decision 2:52 Connector 3:00 Control Flow 3:06 All the 6 symbols 3:13 Flowchart rules 3:25 Flowchart exercise 3:28 Add 10 and 20 4:00 Another exerci...
What is ALGORITHM? What does ALGORITHM mean? ALGORITHM meaning - ALGORITHM definition - ALGORITHM explanation. Source: Wikipedia.org article, adapted under https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/ license. In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a self-contained step-by-step set of operations to be performed. Algorithms perform calculation, data processing, and/or automated reasoning tasks. The words 'algorithm' and 'algorism' come from the name al-Khwarizmi. Al-Khwarizmi was a Persian mathematician, astronomer, geographer, and scholar. An algorithm is an effective method that can be expressed within a finite amount of space and time and in a well-defined formal language for calculating a function. Starting from an initial state and initial input (perhaps empty), th...
Hope it helps:-) sbhoira@gmail.com
Please give it a thumbs up if you liked the video! Thanks Video project for CIS4930 Special Topics and Algorithms. This video covers the basics of understanding the runtime for algorithms. The question I had when learning this was, "Where is the number coming from that is being compared to the 'n'?... Once I figured out that the number was basically a count of the number of times a for loop actually looped, well, life became much easier for me in regards to understanding runtime. I hope this video helps you have a better understanding of the basics of algorithm runtime. Please feel free to leave a comment for any other computer science related concepts for which you would like to see a video.
View full lesson: http://ed.ted.com/lessons/your-brain-can-solve-algorithms-david-j-malan An algorithm is a mathematical method of solving problems both big and small. Though computers run algorithms constantly, humans can also solve problems with algorithms. David J. Malan explains how algorithms can be used in seemingly simple situations and also complex ones. Lesson by David J. Malan, animation by enjoyanimation.
Computer Education for all provides complete lectures series on Data Structure and Applications which covers Introduction to Data Structure and its Types including all Steps involves in Data Structures:- Data Structure and algorithm Linear Data Structures and Non-Linear Data Structure on Stack Data Structure on Arrays Data Structure on Queue Data Structure on Linked List Data Structure on Tree Data Structure on Graphs Abstract Data Types Introduction to Algorithms Classifications of Algorithms Algorithm Analysis Algorithm Growth Function Array Operations Two dimensional Arrays Three Dimensional Arrays Multidimensional arrays Matrix operations Operations on linked lists Applications of linked lists Doubly linked lists Introductions to stacks Operations on stack Array based implementation o...
What is an algorithm? Algorithm http://www.TutorialPort.com Design and Analysis of Algorithms: What is an Algorithm ? In mathematics and computer science, an algorithm is a step-by-step procedure for calculations. Algorithms are used for calculation, data processing, and automated reasoning. An algorithm is an effective method expressed as a finite list of well-defined instructions for calculating a function.
In this video big-oh, big-omega and theta are discussed
Welcome to part 1 of a new series of videos focused on Evolutionary Computing, and more specifically, Genetic Algorithms. In this tutorial, I introduce the concept of a genetic algorithm, how it can be used to approach "search" problems and how it relates to brute force algorithms. Support this channel on Patreon: https://patreon.com/codingtrain Send me your questions and coding challenges!: https://github.com/CodingTrain/Rainbow-Topics Contact: https://twitter.com/shiffman Links discussed in this video: The Nature of Code: http://natureofcode.com/ BoxCar2D: http://boxcar2d.com/ Source Code for the Video Lessons: https://github.com/CodingTrain/Rainbow-Code p5.js: https://p5js.org/ Processing: https://processing.org For More Genetic Algorithm videos: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?...
In this video Mr. Indra Kishor, Biyani International Institute of Engineering and Technology, Jaipur, explains about the Algorithm and Flowchart. How can we flow chart from algorithm . We all know about the Algorithm is very important for any programmer, without algorithm we can’t create any program. www.gurukpo.com, www.biyanicolleges.org
Peter Shor introduces his eponymous mathematical concept. Visit physicsworld.com for more videos, webinars and podcasts. http://physicsworld.com/cws/channel/multimedia
Algorithm is very simple and easy to write. It is defined as a set of sequential and well defined instruction to solve a program. Every instruction must be exact and every description is step by step. In this movie, we start to analyse the remote controller operation, then writing an algorithm for a program. The details and order of the events of the controller is important to achieve the result-- Created using PowToon -- Free sign up at http://www.powtoon.com/youtube/ -- Create animated videos and animated presentations for free. PowToon is a free tool that allows you to develop cool animated clips and animated presentations for your website, office meeting, sales pitch, nonprofit fundraiser, product launch, video resume, or anything else you could use an animated explainer video. PowT...
Concepts - Algorithm - Pseudocode - Comments - Basic Arithmetic Operations - Type Conversion - Integer Division
Lecture Series on Data Structures and Algorithms by Dr. Naveen Garg, Department of Computer Science & Engineering ,IIT Delhi. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
Concepts of Algorithm, Flow Chart & C Programming by Prof. Wongmulin | Dept. of Computer Science Garden City College-Bangalore
Introductory lesson covering prerequisites related to C programming. This video covers concepts of basic computer setup, algorithms and flowcharts. In case you have any feedback or suggestions do email us at hello@superwits.com.
In this video big-oh, big-omega and theta are discussed
Please give it a thumbs up if you liked the video! Thanks Video project for CIS4930 Special Topics and Algorithms. This video covers the basics of understanding the runtime for algorithms. The question I had when learning this was, "Where is the number coming from that is being compared to the 'n'?... Once I figured out that the number was basically a count of the number of times a for loop actually looped, well, life became much easier for me in regards to understanding runtime. I hope this video helps you have a better understanding of the basics of algorithm runtime. Please feel free to leave a comment for any other computer science related concepts for which you would like to see a video.
Computer Education for all provides complete lectures series on Data Structure and Applications which covers Introduction to Data Structure and its Types including all Steps involves in Data Structures:- Data Structure and algorithm Linear Data Structures and Non-Linear Data Structure on Stack Data Structure on Arrays Data Structure on Queue Data Structure on Linked List Data Structure on Tree Data Structure on Graphs Abstract Data Types Introduction to Algorithms Classifications of Algorithms Algorithm Analysis Algorithm Growth Function Array Operations Two dimensional Arrays Three Dimensional Arrays Multidimensional arrays Matrix operations Operations on linked lists Applications of linked lists Doubly linked lists Introductions to stacks Operations on stack Array based implementation o...
MIT 6.006 Introduction to Algorithms, Fall 2011 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-006F11 Instructor: Srini Devadas License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Get the Code Here: http://goo.gl/Y3UTH Welcome to my Big O Notations tutorial. Big O notations are used to measure how well a computer algorithm scales as the amount of data involved increases. It isn't however always a measure of speed as you'll see. This is a rough overview of Big O and I hope to simplify it rather than get into all of the complexity. I'll specifically cover the following O(1), O(N), O(N^2), O(log N) and O(N log N). Between the video and code below I hope everything is completely understandable.
MIT 6.006 Introduction to Algorithms, Fall 2011 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-006F11 Instructor: Victor Costan License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Data Structures,B.tech,B.E,M.C.A,Computer Science,Computer Engineering
Analysis and Design of Algorithms By Prof. Sibi Shaji, Dept. of Computer Science, Garden City College, Bangalore
Lecture Series on Data Structures and Algorithms by Dr. Naveen Garg, Department of Computer Science & Engineering ,IIT Delhi. For more details on NPTEL visit http://nptel.iitm.ac.in
Machine learning is one of the newest tools in a Data Scientist’s arsenal. In this session, you will learn key architectural principles and frameworks for creating practical approaches to solving the prediction problem. Interactive demonstration of various popular machine learning algorithms based on these principles and frameworks will be included.
This tutorial will give you an overview of the most common algorithms that are used in Data Science. Here, you will learn what activities Data Scientists do and you will learn how they use algorithms like Decision Tree, Random Forest, Association Rule Mining, Linear Regression and K-Means Clustering. To learn more about Data Science click here: http://goo.gl/9HsPlv The topics related to 'R', Machine learning and Hadoop and various other algorithms have been extensively covered in our course “Data Science”. For more information, please write back to us at sales@edureka.co Call us at US: 1800 275 9730 (toll free) or India: +91-8880862004
Asymptotic Time complexity, Running Time analysis of Algorithms-Asymptotic Time complexity-Part 2-GATE exam preparation videos for computer science, asymptotic analysis of algorithms, algorithm efficiency analysis, how to compute the running time of an algorithm, complexity of algorithm, finding running time of an algorithm, notes on running time of algorithms, analysing algorithm, growth rate algorithms find maximum element in array Time complexity Analysis of iterative programs Time complexity of a triple-nested loop time complexity of algorithms for loop time complexity examples time complexity of while loop for (int i = 1; i less than equal to n; ++i) for (int j = i; j less than equal to n; ++j) for (int k = j; k less than equal to n; ++k) // statement The s...
MIT 6.006 Introduction to Algorithms, Fall 2011 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-006F11 Instructor: Erik Demaine, Srini Devadas License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Logistics, course topics, word RAM, predecessor, van Emde Boas, y-fast tries. Please see Problem 1 of Assignment 1 at http://people.seas.harvard.edu/~minilek/cs224/fall14/hmwk.html for a corrected analysis of the space complexity of van Emde Boas trees
MIT 6.046J Design and Analysis of Algorithms, Spring 2015 View the complete course: http://ocw.mit.edu/6-046JS15 Instructor: Erik Demaine In this lecture, Professor Demaine introduces NP-completeness. License: Creative Commons BY-NC-SA More information at http://ocw.mit.edu/terms More courses at http://ocw.mit.edu
Computer algorithm. How to calculate time complexity